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The Ultimate Guide to 11 Rules of Cyber Hygiene

11 rules of cyber hygiene

What are the 11 rules of cyber hygiene? This article is designed to help parents, children, and all online users understand how to protect themselves from online dangers. 

Read on to learn more.

What Is Cyber Hygiene?

Cyber hygiene is a term used to describe the actions we take to protect our data, devices, and networks.

Cyber hygiene is important because, with the increase in cyber-attacks and data breaches, your personal information is at risk. 

What Are the 11 Rules of Cyber Hygiene?

Rule #1: Keep Your Operating System Up-to-Date

Updating your operating system on a regular basis is an important part of cyber hygiene. 

Hackers are always finding and exploiting vulnerabilities in operating systems. So, it is crucial that you update as soon as a new patch is available.

Rule #2: Use Strong Passwords

Strong passwords should also be long and include a combination of upper and lower-case letters, numbers, and symbols. 

Also, avoid using the same password for multiple accounts as this makes it easier for attackers to compromise all your accounts if they gain access to one of them.

Rule #3: Use Two-Factor Authentication

Two-factor authentication adds an extra layer of security to your account by making it harder for attackers to gain access even if they compromise your password.

Rule #4: Keep All Software Updated

This rule applies to all software on all devices. Software updates fix bugs and close security loopholes that can be exploited by attackers. So, make sure that the software on those devices is updated regularly. That way attacks exploiting known bugs will be prevented.

Rule #5: Avoid Downloading Pirated Software

If you do not pay for software or have permission from the owner to use or distribute it, then do not download or install it. You may also install malware on your computer that will attempt to steal information from your computer.

Rule #6: Watch Out for Phishing Scams

Phishing scams are designed to steal your private information like your username and password. 

If you receive an email, text message, or other communication that appears to be from a legitimate organization but requests personal information from you, do not respond.

Rule #7: Keep Your Windows Installer Folder Clean

The Windows operating system allows you to install additional software and plugins for the browser. 

It is important not to install software from untrusted sources as it may contain malware. Instead, only install software that you know is legitimate, such as software from the official website of the program. 

Rule #8: Make Sure You Have Up-to-Date Antivirus Software

Install antivirus software on all devices and make sure it is set to update itself regularly so that it remains up-to-date with the latest definitions for known viruses and malware threats. 

Rule #9: Make Sure You Have a Firewall Installed on All Your Devices 

A firewall protects your computer or device by preventing unauthorized access to or from the device via the internet or local network. 

Rule #10: Install Anti-Spyware Software on All Your Devices 

Anti-spyware software prevents spyware from infecting your computer by blocking malicious code from installing on your device.

Spyware can capture sensitive information about you such as login credentials.

Rule #11: Keep Your Devices Safe and Protected

It is important to protect your devices, such as your computer and smartphone, by installing anti-malware software and keeping it up-to-date.


Cyber hygiene is important to keep your data and devices safe. 

If you follow the 11 rules of cyber hygiene, you can reduce the risks of being a victim of cybercrime.