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Threats To Information Security

threats to information security

Today, there are so many threats to information security.

What are these? But, why should we know about these?

Read on to learn more about threats to information security.

Threats To Information Security

Before we talk about the list of threats, let’s answer one common question. What is a threat?

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A threat is anything that can harm something. In information security, it means someone or something that harms information.

So, cybercriminals can take advantage of that. They may change or remove information. Hackers can even steal an identity or sell it to others.

And that’s why we need to know to prevent these from happening. But to do that, we must know what these threats are in the first place.

So, we will learn how to fight against these threats to information security.

Now, what are these threats?

Types of Threats To Information Security

In this article, we will consider the following types of threats to information security.

  1. Software attack
  2. Malware
  3. New generation threats

Threats To Information Security Explained

Software Attack

What is a software attack?

It is a serious threat that targets software or applications. It includes:

  • virus
  • form
  • trojan horse


What is malware?

Malware is a short term for malicious software. So, it is a type of application that infects a computer.

Because it is malicious, you will not know its identity at first. You’ll only know you have malware if your computer is already infected.

Also, malware has two types:

  1. infection
  2. action

Malware of infection

The malware of infection has four subtypes:

  1. Virus. It copies itself to your apps and files. Then, it infects them automatically.
  2. Worms. Like a virus, it copies itself to apps and files. Then, it slows down the computer.
  3. Trojan horse. It hides as good software. After activating it, the trojan will steal information from your computer.
  4. Bots. It controls a network once infected. So, it infects the whole server.

Malware of action

The malware of infection has six subtypes:

  1. Spyware. Like its name, it spies on your computer. Then, it will study your behavior. After that, it sends the information to another person.
  2. Adware. It is a type of malware that comes from ads. It also monitors your behavior. So, the hacker can steal your privacy.
  3. Ransomware. It is a type of malware that asks for a ransom. First, it will steal your data. Once you know you’re stolen, it locks your computer. The hacker will only return the stolen info once you pay them. But, there is no assurance.
  4. Scareware. This malware acts as a good app that fixes your computer. But after you activate it, it will infect your computer. Then, it scares you to pay them.
  5. Rootkits. This malware enters your root and user systems. Then, it steals your information and other files.
  6. Zombies. Like any other malware, it steals your information. Then, it slows down your system.

New Generation Threats To Information Security

Today, there are new generation threats. It also has five subtypes:

  1. Outdated security app. Not updating apps will cause risks. So, you are more susceptible to viruses.
  2. Weak security. It means not secured computer and systems. So, threats will bypass the security.
  3. Phishing. It forces you to give your information without you knowing.
  4. Mobile malware. It is a new malware for mobile devices.

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